Vaccination in children

Much ink has flowed lately on the topic of vaccination in children. Some parents are refusing vaccines for fear of causing them injuries or even illnesses. Despite such fears, vaccines remain the best way to protect children from many critical and even potentially fatal illnesses like diphtheria, whooping cough or measles, just to name a few. Given according to the vaccination schedule from the Department of Health protocol, they are received at 2, 4, 6, 12 and 18 months. A booster is required between the ages of 4 and 6 for the beginning of school. Vaccines are given in several steps to ensure complete protection. The immune system can easily manage more than one vaccine at a time. Once vaccinated, children are usually protected for the rest of their lives.

In addition to protecting children, vaccination at a young age also prevents the re-emergence of infectious diseases among the population. Indeed, with the arrival of vaccines, some infectious diseases have become rare while others have disappeared. If there were no more vaccination, infectious diseases would quickly re-emerge and spread through the population. That is what happened in several countries. For example, measles outbreaks have occurred in 2015 in the Unites States and Canada because a certain number of people were not vaccinated. To prevent this disease from spreading, at least 95% of the population must be vaccinated.

Vaccination can trigger an inflammatory reaction. It is often indicated by pain, redness or a feeling of warmth at the vaccine injection site. This reaction is not abnormal nor is it a sign of disease. It is actually a defense mechanism. It is however possible, in rare cases, for vaccination to trigger serious allergic reactions. That is why it is recommended to stay on-site for at least 15 minutes after receiving a vaccine.

Éric Fontaine, Licensed Practical Nurse

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